Situated on the Vistula River, the historic city of Krakow has acted as an invaluable cultural, academic, artistic and economic hub since the Middle Ages. Its creative impulse reaches back to its Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque traditions and Krakow’s central role as a European trade route. In 1364, the Jagiellonian University, one of the oldest in the world, was founded. The significance of the city’s contribution and heritage was recognized in 1978 when the Old Town was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
A city of open gates, Krakow is multi-cultural, multi-linguistic and multi-functional, continually cultivated and adapted to 21st century needs and demands. The Polish capital for centuries, Krakow was named the European Capital of Culture for the year 2000.
It is a contemporary nexus of progress, arts, culture and creativity, precisely because it is rooted in the tradition of exchange, mobility and adaptability. Its literary sector is especially reflective of this background and a contemporary driver of its development. In 2013, Krakow was designated as a UNESCO Creative City of Literature.